中国社会核算矩阵

            中文版

Social Accounting Matrix

 China (1987-2000)

 

 Reference

        Contact Us

 
Introduction

Social Accounting Matrix is defined as the presentation of SNA accounts in a matrix which elaborates the linkages between a supply and use table and institutional sector accounts(SNA,1993). A SAM is a particular representation of the macro and meso economic accounts of a socio-economic system, which capture the transactions and transfers between all economic agents in the system (Pyatt and Round, 1985; Reinert and Roland-Holst, 1997), that is, the social account matrix is a simple and efficient framework to organize economic data in such a way that: every income should be a corresponding outlay or expenditure; both the receiver and the sender of every transaction must be identified (Round, Jeffery, 2003). The following figure presents an illustrative open-economy SAM.  For more detail of SAM, please see the references for SAM.

A Simple Open-economy SAM

 

Receipts

Expenditures

Total

1

2

3

4

5

1

Supplier

 

C

G

I

E

Demand

2

Household

Y

 

 

 

 

Income

3

Government

Ti

Td

 

 

 

Receipts

4

Capital Account

 

Sh

Sg

 

Sf

Saving

5

Rest of the world

M

 

 

 

 

Import

 

Total

Supply

Expenditures

Expenditures

Investment

Foreign Exchange

         Source:Adapted from Dvid Roland-holst(2000)

Variables:

C

Private Consumption

Td

Direct Tax

Sf

Foreign Savings

Sh

Private Savings

Sg

Government Savings

M

Import

Ti

Indirect Tax

E

Export

G

Government Spending